Countries

Information and facts about every country of the world.

Seychelles

Seychelles facts and information about the country. HISTORY The Seychelles (pronounced say-shelz or say-shel) were apparently uninhabited islands when Arab and Indonesian traders first stopped there, but a Portuguese sighting of them was the first documentation of their existence in 1505. They were ideally located for sailors and became an important transit point for traders… read more »

St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and Nevis facts and information about the country. HISTORY At the time of discovery by the Europeans, the Caribs inhabited the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis. Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) landed on the larger of the two islands in 1493 during his second voyage and named it after St. Christopher, the patron saint… read more »

Palau

Palau facts and information about the country. HISTORY The Republic of Palau, or Belau, comprises over 300 islands divided into six groups, and more than 1,000 cultural sites have been found in the archipelago. Archaeological evidence indicates that Babeldaob (or Babelthuap), the largest island of Palau, was settled more than 3,000 years ago, and radio-carbon… read more »

Réunion

Réunion facts and information about the country. HISTORY For a long time the island of Réunion was largely uninhabited. Although Arab, Malay, and European sailors stopped there, they never settled there. The Arabs called it Dina Morgabin, which means “western Island.” The archipelago comprising the islands of Réunion, Mauritius, and Rodrigues was discovered by Portuguese… read more »

Martinique

Martinique facts and information about the country. HISTORY When Columbus (1451–1506) discovered the island of Martinique in 1502, it was inhabited by the Carib Indians, who called it Madinina, or the Island of Flowers. More than a century after Columbus’s voyage, the first party of French settlers, led by Pierre Belain d’Esnambuc (1585–1636), landed on… read more »

Mauritania

Mauritania facts and information about the country. HISTORY It is believed that the Bafours (ancestors of the famed Soninke tribe) were the original inhabitants of Mauritania. They were also the first Saharan tribe to forsake their nomadic lifestyle in favor of settling down and practicing agriculture. Between the third and the seventh centuries, the nomadic… read more »

Mauritius

Mauritius facts and information about the country. HISTORY Arab seafarers from the 10th century, perhaps earlier, probably knew about Mauritius. The Portuguese visited early in the 16th century but did not settle on the island. The Dutch took possession of the island from 1598 to 1710. They called it Mauritius, after Prince Maurice of Nassau… read more »

Federated States of Micronesia

Federated States of Micronesia facts and information about the country. HISTORY The various islands, atolls, and volcanic crests that make up what is now known as the Federated States of Micronesia were probably settled at different times, starting with Yap. The first settlers canoed from the Philippines and Indonesia to Micronesia, pulling their outriggers up… read more »

Myanmar

Myanmar facts and information about the country. HISTORY Archaeological findings reveal that parts of Myanmar were inhabited some 5,000 years ago. Many of the diverse groups now living in Myanmar (formerly Burma) migrated south from Tibet and China, down the Irrawaddy River. The Mon tribe is thought to have arrived as early as 3000 B.C.E…. read more »

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