United in 1961, market town in Cambridgeshire on the Ouse River, 16 mi NW of Cambridge. Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658), who became the lord protector of England by the Instrument of Government in
1653, was born here. Cromwell and Samuel Pepys (1633–1703) attended grammar school here in a 12th-century building that had been part of a medieval hospital. The building is now a museum of Cromwelliana.