Commercial city, capital of Andhra Pradesh, on the Musi River, 310 mi NNW of Chennai. As the former capital of the state of Hyderabad, it housed the royal nizams in the palace named Char Minar built in 1591. It was founded in 1589 by the Muslims of Golconda and in 1687 was captured by the Mogul Aurangzeb. It suffered seriously from a flood in 1908 and from an influenza epidemic three years later. It has a 16thcentury Golconda fort and several mosques.