ILLYRICUM (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Serbia; Montenegro; Slovenia)

Province of the Roman Empire, along the E coast of the Adriatic Sea, stretching from the Drin River in Albania, to Istria in Croatia. Established initially in 167 b.c. after the fall of Shkodër, it was enlarged in the second and first centuries b.c. by the conquest of all Dalmatia. In the fourth century a.d., together with lands farther to the north and south, it became a prefecture, or major division, of the Roman Empire. Emperor Diocletian (284–305) born at Dioclea in Dalmatia, established his capital here at Split and later retired here at Salona. See also Illyria.

ILLYRICUM (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Serbia; Montenegro; Slovenia)

Province of the Roman Empire, along the E coast of the Adriatic Sea, stretching from the Drin River in Albania, to Istria in Croatia. Established initially in 167 b.c. after the fall of Shkodër, it was enlarged in the second and first centuries b.c. by the conquest of all Dalmatia. In the fourth century a.d., together with lands farther to the north and south, it became a prefecture, or major division, of the Roman Empire. Emperor Diocletian (284–305) born at Dioclea in Dalmatia, established his capital here at Split and later retired here at Salona. See also Illyria.

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