Facts and information about historic places from around the world.

ZULA (Eritrea)

Port town, on the Gulf of Zula. The ruins of ancient Adulis, a major Axumite port, are nearby. Zula became an Italian protectorate in 1888 and part of Eritrea in 1890. See also Axum, Italy.

ZULIA (Venezuela)

State in NW Venezuela, and one of the richest oilproducing regions in the world, between the Sierra de Perija of the Andes Mts to the W, the Gulf of Venezuela on the N, and Lake Maracaibo to the E. The entire economy of Venezuela was changed with the development of the oil wells after World… read more »

ZUNI (United States)

Pueblo in NW New Mexico, on the Zuñi Indian Reservation, approximately 32 mi S of Gallup. Home of Pueblo Indians of the Zuñi linguistic family, it is one of seven villages, the seven cities of Cibola, that were attacked in 1540 by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, who believed them to contain vast stores of gold…. read more »

ZION (United States)

City in Illinois, on Lake Michigan, 5 mi N of Waukegan. Founded in 1901 by John Alexander Dowie of the Christian Catholic Church, it was a communal society with a theocratic government that lasted until 1935. Notable buildings include the Zion Hotel of 1902, one of the nation’s largest all-frame buildings with a 367-foot frontage.

ZUNYI [Tsun-I, Zun-I] (China)

City in N Guizhou province, 75 mi N of Guiyang, China. The seat of a county since the Tang dynasty, it was the scene of a revolt led by Yang Yinglung from 1597 to 1599. In 1935 the Central Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party held a conference here at which Mao Zedong established… read more »

ZION CANYON (United States)

Archaeological site, in Zion National Park, in SW Utah. It was first named by Mormon settlers who discovered it in the 1850s. Its walls contain numerous fossils and evidence of prehistoric cave dwellers.

ZURICH [German: Zürich] (Switzerland)

Famous city on the lake of Zurich, 60 mi NE of Bern. Occupied in the Neolithic period by lake dwellers, it was later settled by the Gallic Helvetii. After the fifth century a.d. it passed successively to the Alemanni, the Franks, and to the German Stem duchy of Swabia. A free imperial city after 1218,… read more »

ZIPPORIT [Sipori] [ancient: Sepphoris] (Israel)

Village in N Israel, approximately 3 mi NNW of Nazareth. An important town under the Romans, it was later, after the fall of Jerusalem in a.d. 70, the seat of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish religious and legal court. In the first century a.d. Zipporit was the chief city of Galilee and a rival of Tiberias…. read more »

ZITACUARO [Heroica Zitácuaro] (Mexico)

City, in Michoacán state, 60 mi SE of Morelia. It was one of the earliest centers of the Mexican War of Independence from 1810 on. The Junta of Zitácuaro was the independence movement’s first governing organ. Zitácuaro saw fighting between French and Mexicans in 1864 and was burned in 1865.