Facts and information about historic places from around the world.

ZOMBA (Malawi)

Town in the Shire Highlands, approximately 70 mi S of Lake Malawi. It was the capital of Malawi until 1966, when it was replaced by Lilongwe on Malawi’s becoming a republic. It was founded by European planters c. 1880.

ZUG [French: Zoug] (Switzerland)

City on the Lake of Zug, 15 mi S of Zurich. First mentioned in 1242 as a possession of the counts of Kyburg and purchased by the Hapsburg family in 1273, the city still retains a strong medieval flavor. Zug first joined the Swiss Confederation in 1353 and again in 1364, reverting to Hapsburg control… read more »

ZUIDER ZEE [Zuyder Zee] [ancient: Flevo Lacus] (Netherlands)

A former large, landlocked inlet off the North Sea, on the N coast of the Netherlands. The sea washed into it only during floods. Once again it is landlocked by a dike, partly drained, and is divided into the IJsselmeer and the Waddenzee. As early as the 16th century plans were made to enclose the… read more »

ZULA (Eritrea)

Port town, on the Gulf of Zula. The ruins of ancient Adulis, a major Axumite port, are nearby. Zula became an Italian protectorate in 1888 and part of Eritrea in 1890. See also Axum, Italy.

ZULIA (Venezuela)

State in NW Venezuela, and one of the richest oilproducing regions in the world, between the Sierra de Perija of the Andes Mts to the W, the Gulf of Venezuela on the N, and Lake Maracaibo to the E. The entire economy of Venezuela was changed with the development of the oil wells after World… read more »

ZUNI (United States)

Pueblo in NW New Mexico, on the Zuñi Indian Reservation, approximately 32 mi S of Gallup. Home of Pueblo Indians of the Zuñi linguistic family, it is one of seven villages, the seven cities of Cibola, that were attacked in 1540 by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, who believed them to contain vast stores of gold…. read more »

ZION (United States)

City in Illinois, on Lake Michigan, 5 mi N of Waukegan. Founded in 1901 by John Alexander Dowie of the Christian Catholic Church, it was a communal society with a theocratic government that lasted until 1935. Notable buildings include the Zion Hotel of 1902, one of the nation’s largest all-frame buildings with a 367-foot frontage.

ZUNYI [Tsun-I, Zun-I] (China)

City in N Guizhou province, 75 mi N of Guiyang, China. The seat of a county since the Tang dynasty, it was the scene of a revolt led by Yang Yinglung from 1597 to 1599. In 1935 the Central Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party held a conference here at which Mao Zedong established… read more »

ZION CANYON (United States)

Archaeological site, in Zion National Park, in SW Utah. It was first named by Mormon settlers who discovered it in the 1850s. Its walls contain numerous fossils and evidence of prehistoric cave dwellers.